Environmental Justice Case Studies


environmental justice case studies

Jun 12,  · The Environmental Justice Atlas is an international collaboration that tracks land and energy conflicts around the world. The environmental . Case Studies in the Environment is a journal of peer-reviewed case study articles, case study pedagogy articles, and a repository for editor-reviewed case study slides. The journal aims to inform faculty, students, researchers, educators, professionals, and policymakers on case studies and best practices in the environmental sciences and studies. As part each students' coursework in Environmental Justice: Domestic and International, case studies were written on various grassroots struggles for environmental justice in the United States and all over the syndafrikas.gats were asked to locate and research a struggle in environmental justice. As a part of that assignment, they were expected to ask a grassroots organization involved in or.

The world's top 10 battles for environmental justice | Cosmos

The Peabody Mining Company would like expand its operations by 13, acres, thus intruding upon the Big Mountain residents' sovereignty and potentially threatening the reservation environment. If Peabody is successful in gaining a federal permit to mine the reservation, the remaining families face relocation.

The Hopi are generally agriculturalists, and had settled in small villages. They are descendants of the Anasazi, the first Native Americans to occupy the area. The Navajo are pastoralists, and traditionally have lived in hogans distant from one another. The concept of land owership is foreign to both tribes, environmental justice case studies.

Inthe United States began a series of land boundary decisions which adversely affected the natural resource rights of both tribes. As stated, the federal government partitioned Hopi and Navajo reservation on Big Mountain inthus allowing private mining companies to strip mine on or near these reservation lands.

Many families were relocated, and many more on Big Mountain still may face relocation as Peabody Mining continues its efforts towards expanding its mining operations. If Peabody is successful, the Environmental justice case studies and Hopi lands will face water quality decline and depletion of water supply, devastation of the landscape, and desecration of sacred lands.

Coal is transported in water slurry pipeline more than two hundred miles to a power station in Nevada. Water is in short supply in semi-arid regions, and using it for the transportation of coal depletes the water supply dramatically.

This can in turn disrupt the fragile hydrologic cycle. Further, a lack of water can make agricultural and livestock production nearly impossible for both tribes. Also, sacred areas would be torn environmental justice case studies by strip-mining or altered by decreased water supplies.

An Environmental Impact Statement addressed the cultural effects environmental justice case studies land degradation on Big Mountain Reservation, and stated that the effects "could be mitigated through careful consultation with tribal members and payment for spiritual ceremonies on sites that will be destroyed" Bullard, This is clearly insufficient, as there is no market value that can be placed on spiritual ceremonies, and the statement lacks any sensitivity or respect for Hopi-Navajo culture, environmental justice case studies.

The relocation site that has been selected by the federal government has its own environmental problems. This site is near Sanders, Arizona where million gallons of uranium-contaminated water broached a dam and spilled into the surrounding area, environmental justice case studies.

In part, the position of these agencies is to promote development in the West and expansion of coal mining operations. Peabody Coal Mining Company Peabody is a multi-national corporation, environmental justice case studies, and is currently interested in expanding its mining environmental justice case studies onto Hopi and Navajo reservation lands.

Tribal Councils The tribal council system is the only formally recognized representative of the Native American community by the state and federal governments. The council makes all decisions regarding the natural resource base of the reservation.

However, tribal councils do not always represent the interests of the community on the reservation, and often have much to gain financially when coal mining operations expand onto Navajo and Hopi lands. Traditional Tribal Members There are many members of the Hopi and Navajo communities that wish to preserve their cultural integrity, and prevent the destruction of their native lands.

They hold that Americans have no understanding of what it means to belong to the land, rather than own it. They simply desire to left alone by Peabody, the Tribal Councils, the federal government, and the state of Arizona. The second map in Appendix II is a closer look at the area of interest. Environmental justice case studies here to see both appendices. One can notice the proximity of the Peabody leasing area to the Big Mountain reservation, where families currently reside.

Many of them are elders, and have no electricity, heat, or running water. They live in family hogans, and subsist on farming, herding, and weaving. Back to Table of Contents Strategies Several strategies have been employed by the Hopi and Navajo on Big Mountain to prevent Peabody's mining expansion onto their lands. Navajo elders have engaged in non-violent civil disobedience. They have placed their bodies in front of bulldozers, torn-down fences, and turned away government officials.

Also, there has been a great deal of effort by environmental justice case studies elders to increase community awareness and involvement in the struggle to preserve and protect their lands. Building sites on the internet has been a valuable tool in keeping the community informed, as well as frequently holding meetings to discuss tactics and strategies.

They have staged letter writing campaigns, email campaigns, and engaged in other forms of lobbying. Also, they have pushed delegates of the Navajo nation in D. The Navajo have also filed several lawsuits concerning land use and water rights, claiming that Peabody has infringed upon Navajo rights to water on reservation land. Other lawsuits have addressed the Navajos' inability to perform religious ceremonies and other practices due to destruction of the land.

Land dispute lawsuits began in and continue to the present. On March 11, federal judge Ramon Child ordered the cancellation of Peabody's mining permit. Back to Table of Contents Solutions The current definition of environmental justice is "the right to a clean and safe environment in which to live, work, and play" Bullard, That definition might be expanded to include the right to preserve one's cultural integrity, and to free from techno-environmental changes that inhibit such preservation.

Unfortunately, none of the current tactics have ensured this right. Although Judge Child's ruling has prevented Peabody from mining on Hopi-Navajo reservation lands, there is still a chance that Peabody's appeal will be successful, environmental justice case studies, and thus allow them to expand their operations. Back to Table of Contents Recommendations Co-management of natural resources, and the conflicts that emerge from defining rights to their use, is a highly recommended approach to resolving the Hopi-Navajo struggle.

The Hopi and Navajo communities must be empowered to participate in decisions which directly influence them. For example, the Hopi and Navajo communities should be allowed to participate in a more thorough social and environmental impact assessment that will reflect the interests of not only Peabody and the federal and state governments, but also the Hopi and Navajo. This will foster a more complete understanding of interests between parties, and potentially provide an acceptable resolution.

Box Olympia, WA email: jburrows halcyon. Box Flagstaff, environmental justice case studies, AZ email: sdn primenet, environmental justice case studies. Works Cited Brugge, David. Albuquerqe, N. Kramer, Jerry. The Second Long Walk. Albuquerque, N. M: University of New Mexico Press. Bullard, Robert D. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.

Appendices Back to Table of Contents.


Center for Environmental Excellence by AASHTO: Environmental Justice


environmental justice case studies


While the five case studies in this report highlight. successful strategies using collaborative problem-solving approaches, these and other communities also faced several common barriers in addressing each local environmental and/or public health concern: • The community defined the environmental and/or public health concern too vaguely. Case Studies Featured Case Study Pennsylvania DOT has developed its Every Voice Counts planning-level environmental justice guidance as well as separate project-level guidance. Case Studies in the Environment is a journal of peer-reviewed case study articles, case study pedagogy articles, and a repository for editor-reviewed case study slides. The journal aims to inform faculty, students, researchers, educators, professionals, and policymakers on case studies and best practices in the environmental sciences and studies.